Gold import surged by more than two folds to USD 16.95 billion during the first half of 2017- 18, according to the commerce ministry data.
Gold import, which has a bearing on the country's current account deficit (CAD), was worth USD 6.88 billion in April- September 2016-17.
In September this year, import of the precious metal dipped by 5 percent to USD 1.71 billion from USD 1.80 billion in the same month of the previous fiscal.
The contraction in gold import last month helped narrow the country's trade deficit to a 7-month low of USD 8.98 billion.
However, the import of the metal is expected to increase on account of the festival season, which has started this month.
Increase in inbound shipments of gold also bloated the current account deficit (CAD) to USD 14.3 billion, or 2.4 percent of the GDP, in the three months to June in 2017-18.
In general terms, CAD refers to the difference between inflow and outflow of foreign exchange that has an impact on the exchange rate.
Worried over the surge in gold imports from South Korea, with which India has a free trade agreement, the government restricted inbound shipments of the precious metal.
India is the world's second-biggest gold consumer after China. The import mainly take care of demand of the jewellery industry.
At present, gold import attracts 10 per cent duty. The gems and jewellery industry along with the commerce ministry have time and again urged the finance ministry to consider a cut in the import duty.