U.S. Crude Oil Exports – Can US Ports Handle More Oil Exports

28 July 2022
US Export Data

The United States is exporting huge amounts of crude oil to the European countries amid rising oil demand following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and subsequent sanctions against Moscow. According to our database, the U.S. shipped US$69.3 billion worth of crude oil to the world in 2021, in which oil shipments valued at US$25.2 billion were delivered to Europe. It is anticipated that U.S. oil may find even more buyers in the coming years, but that could test the capabilities of US export infrastructure.


U.S. Crude Oil Exports to the World and Europe in 2022


According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the United States, on average exports 3.7 million barrels per day of crude oil. That was the highest since March 2020. From Jan to May 2022, the US shipped crude oil worth US$43,827 million to the world and US$19,169 million to the European countries. Here’s a chart showing U.S. crude oil exports to the world and Europe by the month of 2022.



Month

US Oil Exports to World (US$ Million)

US Oil Exports to Europe (US$ Million)

Jan

7,526

2,620

Feb

7,441

3,169

Mar

9,155

3,663

Apr

9,298

4,647

May

10,407

5,070

 


U.S. Crude Oil Exports to the World and Europe (Yearly Trends)


If we see the yearly trends of U.S. exports of crude oil, we found that from 2014, America’s exports of oil to the world and Europe kept on rising with fluctuations in between. According to our database, US oil exports to the world were valued at US$12,309 million in 2014, which rose to US$69,356 million in 2021. And US oil exports to Europe increased to US$25,214 million in 2021 from US$489 million in 2014. Analyze these market trends through the given chart and table.



Year

US Oil Exports to World (US$ Million)

US Oil Exports to Europe (US$ Million)

2014

12,309

489

2015

8,820

536

2016

9,462

1,779

2017

22,843

6,021

2018

48,064

13,096

2019

64,518

20,835

2020

49,507

17,248

2021

69,356

25,214

2022 (Till May)

43,827

19,169

 


Top U.S. Ports from where Oil is Exported


The U.S. exports crude oil mostly from the Gulf Coast from ports including Corpus Christi, Houston, and Beaumont, all in Texas. Corpus Christi is the largest port, exporting about 2 million bpd of oil, followed by Houston at around 700,000 bpd. Here is a list of top U.S. ports from where crude oil is exported to the world.


                                 ·         Corpus Christi, Texas

                                 ·         Houston, Texas

                                 ·         Beaumont/Port Arthur, Texas

                                 ·         Louisiana Offshore Oil Port

                                 ·         Freeport, Texas

                                 ·         Southern Louisiana


According to industry analysts, the U.S. Gulf could export roughly 5 million bpd of crude, any more than that would cause substantial congestion in shipping channels. So, more ports are required to handle increasing shipments of oil. It is anticipated that Gulf coast exports could surpass 4 million bpd in mid-2023 and reach 4.8 million bpd by late 2024.


U.S. Top 10 Export Partners of Crude Oil 2021


The United States of America sends the majority of its crude oil – about 1.4 million bpd to Europe, around 1 million bpd to Asia, 250,000 bpd to Canada, and other barrels to Latin America.


India stood as the largest importer of America’s crude oil in 2021, with a market share of 13.7%, followed by South Korea, Canada, the Netherlands, China, the United Kingdom, Taipei, Chinese, Singapore, Italy, and France. Below given chart and table shows values in percentage and dollar as well of these countries. 



Country

Value US$ %

Value US$ Million

India

13.7

9,502

South Korea

12.3

8,543

Canada

11.1

7,708

Netherlands

10.4

7,190

China

8.5

5,911

United Kingdom

7.6

5,272

Taipei, Chinese

5.1

3,526

Singapore

4.8

3,343

Italy

3.7

2,595

France

3.4

2,369

 


Besides export, the U.S. is also a net importer of crude oil, imported oil worth US$138,383 million in 2021. The United States needs to enhance its shipping infrastructure and build more ports to handle crude oil export shipments as the country is expected to increase its oil production.

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