Malaysia Chicken Exports Ban Ripple Effects; Singapore Is In Distress

14 June 2022
Malaysia Export Data

Malaysia has banned the exports of its poultry products, specifically chicken exports. Following global food insecurity, Malaysia announced the ban on the exports of chicken on May 23. The consumer food prices influenced the government to take the decision. The most affected country from the Malaysian perspective to ban chicken exports is Singapore. The neighbouring country Malaysia, Singapore exports more than one-third of its total chicken exports to other countries. On June 1, the ban go into effect.

 

Malaysia Chicken Exports


Malaysia chicken exports are the top exports among all the poultry exports including geese, turkeys, and ducks. The export values of chicken exports from Malaysia are the highest among the whole HS Code Classification of Chapter 01 – Live Animals. The taken HS Code Classification for ‘Chicken’ is 010594.

 

The yearly exports of chicken from Malaysia to other countries are shown in the table below. The time period follows the year 2017 to 2021. The exports in 2017 amounted to $136.2 million, followed by $148.9 million in 2018. 2019 and 2020 amounted to almost similar values of about $144 million. The export value in 2021 amounted to the highest one, standing at $159.9 million.


 

Malaysia Chicken Exports – Yearly

Year

Value USD Million

2017

136.24

2018

148.90

2019

144.43

2020

144.78

2021

159.93

 


The shown Malaysian chicken exports feature the monthly trend for the year 2021. This provides us with a glimpse of the demand for Malaysian chicken and its exports for 2021. The exports in the month of January amounted to $13.6 million. In February, exports amounted to $12.4 million.


 

Malaysia Chicken Export (2021)

Month

Value USD Million

January

13.6

February

12.4

March

12.9

April

13.2

May

14.3

June

12.4

July

12.8

August

12.5

September

13.3

October

13.4

November

13.6

December

14.8

 


Throughout the year, there are minor fluctuations in the export values. In the last month of the year 2021, December, the exports amounted to $14.8 million. This is the highest recorded amount for the Malaysian exports of chicken, which implies that demand grew in late 2021.

 

 

Malaysia Chicken Exports To Singapore


The table below shows the quarterly export trend of Malaysia’s chicken for the year 2021. The first quarter has an export value of $39 million. The second quarter has an export value of $40 million. The third quarter has a $38.6 million export value, while the fourth quarter has $42 million.


 

Malaysia Chicken Exports To Singapore – Quarterly Trend

Quarter

Value USD Million

Q1-2021

39.0

Q2-2021

40.0

Q3-2021

38.6

Q4-2021

42.0

 


This explains that demand for Malaysia’s chicken in Singapore increased in late 2021. We can assume that demand in 2022 prevailed till the shortage appeared in Malaysia. For the final verdict, the table below shows the comparison between the total export values for 2020 and 2021.


 

Malaysia Chicken Exports To Singapore – YoY Comparison

Year

Value USD Million

Year

Value USD Million

2020

144.77

2021

159.78

 


According to the shown Malaysia export data above, the exports of its chicken to Singapore surged in 2021. The export value in 2021 is higher than the export value of 2020, showing that Singapore had a growing demand for Malaysia’s chicken in 2021 which grew from the pandemic (2020). In 2022, the Russia-Ukraine war further disrupted this demand by creating global food insecurity.

 

The supply shortages in Malaysia for its own domestic chicken have resulted in a loss of 3.6 million whole chickens exported to Singapore about every month. Businesses in Singapore are facing losses and there is turmoil happening in Singapore as Malaysia exports more than 90% of its chickens to its neighbouring country. The cost of chicken has increased in Singapore. Both consumers and businesses in Singapore are not able to buy and sell chicken due to high prices.

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