India Spices Exports – China Top Export Destination for Indian Spices

14 August 2021
India Export Data

India is known as the home of spices as it has long history of trading with the ancient civilizations of Rome and China. Today, Indian spices are the most sought-after in the world, given their texture, taste, aroma and medicinal value. India produces about 109 varieties of spices listed by the International Organization of standardization and export them around the world. That is why Indian spices are great in demand globally and countries like China import Indian spices extensively. 


India mainly exports pepper, chili, ginger, turmeric, coriander, ginger, fennel, cumin and tamarind and processed spices such as curry powder, mint powder, oils, seasonings and oleoresins. According to Export Genius, the major markets of Indian spices are China, US, Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladesh, UAE, UK, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Germany.


India Spices Exports to China by Year


China has emerged as the No.1 export destination for Indian spices. Despite coronavirus pandemic and supply chain restrictions in 2020, China’s imports of Indian spices have increased and reached to USD 581.2 million in the said year. This value is calculated on the basis of four HS Codes namely, HS Code 0904, HS Code 0909, HS Code 0910 and HS Code 0908. See India export statistics of spices to China recorded in the last three years.



Year

Value USD Million

2018

66.8

2019

413.6

2020

581.2

 


India Spice Varieties Export to China 2020


China loves Indian hot chilies as the country imported around 1.4 lakh tonnes of chilies from India in FY 20 from a meagre 10,000 tonnes in FY 18. Indian spice industry experts said that China doesn’t grow red chilies similar and is dependent on Indian varieties such as Teja, Sannam and Bydagi that are only available in India. Below given chart shows dollar amount of India spice varieties (on four HS Codes) exported to China in 2020.

HS Code

Spice Variety

Value USD Million

0904

Pepper

387.9

0909

Seeds of Anis, Badian, Fennel, Coriander

176.0

0910

Ginger, Saffron, Turmeric & Other Spices

16.6

0908

Nutmeg, Mace & Cardamoms

0.6

 


India Spices Exports to the World by Year


India is the net producer and exporter of spices in the world. India’s spices exports to global countries have also increased in 2020, despite Covid-19 pandemic. Last year, spices exports from India breached the mark of USD 2,000 million. Below given chart shows dollar amount of India spices exports to the world during 2018-2020.

Year

Value USD Million

2018

1,816.8

2019

1,971.2

2020

2,483.9

 


India Spices Exports by Destination Country 2020


China has emerged as the No.1 export destination for Indian spices over the last two fiscals, surpassing the United States. Besides China, demand of Indian spices is also rising from countries in Africa, South Asia and West Asia. According to India trade data, India’s top 10 export partners of spices accounted for 87.2% to overall value of shipments recorded in 2020.

Country

Value USD %

China

33.2

Thailand

10.5

United States

9.6

Bangladesh

9

Sri Lanka

7.9

Malaysia

5.4

Indonesia

5.4

United Arab Emirates

3

United Kingdom

1.7

Vietnam

1.5

 


According to Spices Board India, spices exports continued to witness an upward trend in FY 21, despite the Covid-19 pandemic. The estimated exports of spices and spices products from 2020-21 is 15,65,000 tonnes, against 12,08,400 tonnes in the previous fiscal. Total chili exports in 2020-21 were 6,01,500 tonnes, up 21% in quantity. Last year, it was 2,64,500 tonnes. Besides chili, other spices that have witnessed a major increase in exports were turmeric, cardamom, ginger and spice seeds such as cumin & fenugreek. The Spices Board is coordinating with Indian Embassies to promote Indian spices brands in the overseas markets. Let’s see how much Indian spice industry will grow in 2021.

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