India Exports 9 Lakh Tonnes of Coal to Neighbouring Countries in 2020

16 August 2021
India Export Data

Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock. It is formed as rock strata called coal seams. Coal is mostly carbon with variable amounts of other elements including nitrogen, oxygen, sulphur and hydrogen. In terms of global trade, Australia is the top-most exporter of coal, with market share of 39.5% recorded in 2020. China is net coal importer, which shared 17.3% to total imports, while India is 3rd largest importer of coal with share of 16.7%. Despite India being among largest importers of coal, India exports coal to its neighbouring countries mainly Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan.


The latest India export data shows India exported coal to the world worth USD 54 million in Q1 and USD 35.9 million in Q2 of 2021. Nepal had the largest share of 80%, Bangladesh of 12.5% and Bhutan of 6.9% in 2020. In quantity, India exported more than 9 lakh tonnes of coal to its neighbouring nations including Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan.


India Coal Exports to Nepal


India shipped 777,962 tonnes of coal worth USD 55.1 million to Nepal in 2020. Since last 5 years, India’s coal exports to Nepal is increasing as Nepal is majorly dependent on India for coal, which shared 80% to total value of coal exports. See quantity of coal which India supplied to Nepal from 2016 to 2020.


Year

Quantity (Tonnes)

2016

188,277

2017

406,499

2018

430,775

2019

661,423

2020

777,962

 


>> Search Live Data for any country or product to see what is covered in global trade data.


India Coal Exports to Bangladesh


India’s exports of coal to Bangladesh have been declining from the last five years. The country shipped 125,163 tonnes of coal valued USD 8.6 million to Bangladesh in 2020. Below given chart shows quantity of coal exports from India to Bangladesh recorded from 2016 to 2020.


Year

Quantity (Tonnes)

2016

640,377

2017

600,219

2018

525,358

2019

173,720

2020

125,163

 


India Coal Exports to Bhutan


According to India export statistics of coal, India shipped 36,639 tonnes of coal valued USD 4.7 million to Bhutan in 2020. In the last five years, India recorded the highest value of coal exports to Bhutan in 2017 and the lowest in 2019. Here is a chart showing quantity of coal exports to Bhutan from 2016 to 2020.


Year

Quantity (Tonnes)

2016

19,475

2017

44,671

2018

35,706

2019

16,396

2020

36,639

 


Although there was short supply of coal in India compared to its demand and it had to resort to import of coal, India exported some quantity of coal to its neighbouring countries in 2020. In spite of sufficient coal reserve, India has not been able to meet domestic demand from the production. The supply of high-quality coal in the country has been limited. Therefore, to bridge the demand and supply gap as well as to provide high quality coal for use in various industries, the country has no option to resort to import coal, especially low-ash coal.


India is the world’s second largest producer of coal and has the world’s 4th largest coal reserves. The country is aiming to use its coal reserves, thereby committing to a net-zero emission economy by 2050. Analyze India coal export market to its neighbouring countries in-depth from the complete India trade data of coal.

Is this article helpful. Share with others!   

Add Comments


 
To Get Quick Response
Request a Demo close modal